Table of Contents I actually. II. 3. IV. V. VI.

Advantages.................................................................................................................. 2 Decision-process analysis making use of the MRT unit.............................................................. 2 Id of relevant cognitive biases inside the decision-process............................ almost 8 Discussion in information technology's possible tasks in the case................................. 10 Conclusion................................................................................................................... twelve References................................................................................................................... 10

1

My spouse and i.

Introduction The Cuban Razzo Crisis continues to be one of the most strong political-military situations in the world's history. It can be described as a seminal function that " symbolizes a central, only if thinkable, reality about the existence” (Allison, 1969, g. 689). The crisis is the closest the fact that world arrived at the outbreak of a nuclear war between the two community superpower of that time period, the United States plus the Soviet Union. For the time of 13 days of October 1962, the leaders of both sides spent every single moment to tackle the situation when ever there was a higher-than-ever likelihood of 95 million Americans, over 95 million Russians, and millions of Europeans getting killed. Offered the probability of calamity which Anatoly Gribkov -- Soviet General and Armed service Chief of Operations - estimated that " Indivisible catastrophe was hanging with a thread … and we weren't counting days and nights or hours, but minutes”, (Wiersma & Larson, 97, p. 3) our avoid seems like magic. It would be illogical, however , to call on magic when it comes to national politics or armed forces. The indivisible war becoming averted, the greatest consequence with this event needs to be counted within the strategic decision of the two men, Chief executive John N. Kennedy and Premier "nikita" Khrushchev. The process of making such decision has changed into a magnet for most researchers including political experts, historians, registrants of government and participants in governance. There are numerous analyses of the issue by various viewpoints relying on different models such as Rational Policy, Company Process and Bureaucratic Governmental policies. As a case in point, the purpose of this kind of paper is always to present the understanding of the strategic decision-process made by the main element players from this crisis. Nevertheless, due to the limitations of time and space, major is within the U. S. point of view just. In other words, this paper can elucidate the decision-process employed by President Kennedy during the Cuban Missile Crisis by applying the MRT model. As frequent features in human reasoning, certain cognitive biases during the process are also identified. Furthermore, the roles that information technology could have played in the crisis happen to be discussed at the end of the paper as well.

2.

Decision-process research using the MRT model Let's start with a short introduction of the MRT style. It is a pair of theories suggested by a group of authors, specifically Henry Mintzberg, Duru Raisinghani, and André Théorêt, which suggests a basic structure of " unstructured” decision processes. " This framework is defined in terms of doze elements: several central stages, 3 models of supporting routines, and 6 units of active factors” (Mintzberg, Raisinghani, & Théorêt, 1976, p. 246). These elements will be investigated in turn along with the related evidences in the Cuban Missile Crisis. The investigation will probably be summarized by a visualized version. 2

1 . Central stage 1: The identification Period This phase consists of two routines: decision recognition, where opportunities, challenges, and crises are recognized and provoke decision activity; and diagnosis, in which the actor or actress or the decision maker attempts to understand the factors that stimulate the process and determine cause-effect relationships...

References: Allison, Graham T. (1969). Conceptual Designs and the Cuban Missile Turmoil. The American Political Science Review, 63 (3), 689-718. Arnott, Deb. (2002). A Taxonomy of Decision Biases. Decision Support Systems Laboratory, Monash School. Arnott, Deb. (2006). Cognitive Biases and Decision Support Systems Advancement: A Design and style Science Approach. Faculty details Technology, Monash University. Mintzberg, H., Raisinghani, D., & Théorêt, A. (1976). The Structure of " Unstructured” decision processes. Administrative Scientific research Quarterly, 21 years old (6), 246-275. John Farrenheit. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum. The World on the Brink: John Farreneheit. Kennedy and the Cuban Missile Crisis. Thirteen Days in October 1962. Retrieved by http://microsites.jfklibrary.org/cmc/ Stern, Sheldon M. (2003). Preventing ‘The Last Failure': Steve F. Kennedy and the Key Cuban Missile Crisis Group meetings. Standford, A bunch of states: Stand kia University Press. Wiersma, K., & Larson, B. (1997). Fourteen Days in October: The Cuban Missile Crisis. Gathered from http://library.thinkquest.org/11046/days/index.html

11