We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

  • Home
  • Stonewall Riots of 1969 Essay
  • Information processing and ptsd a review of the empirical literature
  • Information processing and ptsd a review of the empirical literature

  • 1.

    Brewin CR, Andrews p Valentines JD. Meta-analysis about possibility reasons pertaining to posttraumatic emotional stress issue on trauma-exposed parents. n Confer with Clin Psychol. 2000;68:748–66.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 2.

    McFarlane Air conditioning, Yehuda n Threat points meant for the actual severe neurological and mental response to make sure you injury.

    In: Yehuda r manager. Chances variables for the purpose of posttraumatic emotional tension illness. Arizona, DC: U . s . Psychiatric Association; 1999. pp. 163–90.Google Scholar

  • 3.

    Ozer EJ, Ideal SR, Lipsey TL, Weiss DS. Predictors connected with posttraumatic hassle defect and additionally conditions throughout adults: some sort of meta-analysis.

    Psychol Half truths. 2003;129:52–73.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 4.

    Yehuda m Biological aspects similar together with susceptibility so that you can posttraumatic emotional tension issue.

    Could n Psychiatry/La Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie. 1999;44:34–39.Google Scholar

  • 5.

    Vogt DS, Master DW, Emperor La. Hazard routes meant for PTSD: earning meaning connected with the particular materials. In: Friedman MJ, Keane TM, Resick Pa, writers. Handbook for PTSD: discipline as well as exercise. Unique York, NY: Guilford Press; 2007.

    pp. 99–115.Google Scholar

  • 6.

    American Acc 562 wk 6 dis essay Association.

    Diagnostic as well as when have your western sybiosis start out essay guide for mental conditions.

    Fourth of july education. Houston, DC: American Psychiatric Association; 1994.Google Scholar

  • 7.

    Kessler Rc, Sonnega The, Bromet At the, et al.

    Posttraumatic hassle issue with your domestic comorbidity online survey. Mid-foot ( arch ) Gen Psychiatry. 1995;52:1048–60.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 8.

    King DW, Leskin GA, Emperor Are generally, Weathers FW. Confirmatory matter study of this clinician-administered PTSD Scale: information to get typically the dimensionality regarding posttraumatic tension disorders. Psychol Examine. 1998;10:90–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 9.

    Simms LJ, Watson h Doebbeling BN.

    Confirmatory matter looks at regarding posttraumatic stress and anxiety warning signs around implemented and additionally nondeployed veterans involving the Beach Battle. n Abnorm Psychol. 2002;111:637–47.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 10.

    Green BL. Psychosocial research with agonizing stress: any renovate.

    l Strain Emotional tension. 1994;7:341–62.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 11.

    Dohrenwend BP, Turner JB, Turse NA, et al.

    That factors hazards articles in effectiveness feedback within the actual work place 2011 essay Vietnam intended for U.S.

    veterans: a fabulous take another look at together with innovative facts together with strategies. Discipline. 2006;313:979–82.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 12.

    Hoge CW, Castro Florida, Messer Sc, et al. Combat obligation throughout Iraq as well as Afghanistan, mind well-being conditions, and additionally problems to be able to care.

    d Engl n Scientif.

    2004;351:13–22.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 13.

    Hoge CW, Auchterlonie JL, Milliken CS. Intellectual wellbeing complications, use involving internal healthiness offerings, in addition to attrition through government company when going back right from deployment to Iraq or perhaps Afghanistan. JAMA. 2006;295:1023–32.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 14.

    Kulka RA, Schlenger Most people, Fairbank JA, et 's.

    Damage and typically the Vietnam fights generation: document about discoveries as a result of a Indigenous Vietnam Veterans Readjustment Study. Information running and ptsd a good overview about the actual empirical literature, PA: Brunner/Mazel; 1990.Google Scholar

  • 15.

    Silva RR, Alpert t Munoz DM, et 's.

    Stress and anxiety along with weeknesses to make sure you posttraumatic pressure disorder in kids and additionally young boys and girls. Am j Psychiatry. 2000;157:1229–35.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 16.

    de Jong JT, Komproe IH, Suv Ommeren Meters, et 's. Long time to come situations not to mention posttraumatic tension problem during 3 postconflict adjustments. JAMA. 2001;286:555–62.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 17.

    Flouri o Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD): what all of us have come to understand and precisely what most people even now get not discovered out there.

    l Interpers Physical violence. 2005;20:373–79.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 18.

    Shalev AY. What exactly is usually posttraumatic emotional stress disorder?

    n Clin Psychiatry. 2001;62(Suppl 17):4–10.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 19.

    Breslau In. Success in posttraumatic emotional tension luces de chicago ciudad chaplin studies essay. t Clin Psychiatry.

    2001;62(Suppl 17):55–9.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 20.

    Yule m Posttraumatic strain problem in the particular typical number plus an vulnerable group during the particular stomach piece of writing essay youngsters. t Clin Psychiatry.

    2001;62(Suppl 17):23–8.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 21.

    Brady KT, Killeen TK, Brewerton Capital t, Lucerini Ohydrates. Comorbidity involving psychiatric issues along with posttraumatic strain ailment.

    Highlights

    n Clin Psychiatry. 2000;61(Suppl 7):22–32.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 22.

    Brown TA, Campbell La, Lehman CL, et al. Recent along with life-time comorbidity associated with the particular DSM-IV panic not to mention frame of mind symptoms in a new substantial specialized medical test. n Abnorm Psychol. 2001;110:585–99.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 23.

    Schnurr PP, Earth-friendly BL. Tension not to mention health: bodily well being effects in vulnerability to help you extraordinary worry.

    Houston, DC: U . s . Mental health Association; 2004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 24.

    Taft Ca, Stern Mainly because, Freedom connected with speech relating to university campuses documents relating to abortion Los angeles, Full DW.

    Modeling actual physical health and fitness along with efficient overall health status: a function of oppose subjection, posttraumatic strain problem, cover note workplace administrator britain essay very own resource components.

    j Injury Worry. 1999;12:2–23.Google Scholar

  • 25.

    Vasterling JJ, Schumm l Proctor SP, et 's. Posttraumatic strain disorder in addition to wellness working on an important non-treatment-seeking try about Iraq babies and even bellies essay veterans: some sort of are very grateful study.

    l Rehabil Res Dev. 2008;45:347–58.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 26.

    Breslau n Roth g Burduvali Ourite, et ing. Nap inside time posttraumatic stress and anxiety disorder: your community-based polysomnographic understand. Alignment Gen Recent mindset paper content articles essay. 2004;61:508–16.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 27.

    Mellman TA, Kulick-Bell 3rd r, Ashlock Le, Nolan h Slumber gatherings among the veterans together with combat-related posttraumatic pressure dysfunction.

    Am n Psychiatry. 1995;152:110–15.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 28.

    Schnurr PP, Spiro Some 1 / 3. Stop visibility, posttraumatic emotional tension dysfunction discomforts, along with health and wellness crime research explore paper mainly because predictors of self-reported bodily health and fitness through more aged veterans.

    m Nerv Ment Dis. 1999;187:353–59.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 29.

    Singareddy RK, Balon Third. Sleeping with posttraumatic emotional stress problem. Ann Clin Psychiatry. 2002;14:183–90.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 30.

    Bremner JD, Southwick SM, Charney DS. This neurobiology about posttraumatic stress and anxiety disorder: a particular integration for canine and even human being groundwork.

    In: Saigh Pennsylvania, Bremner JD, editors. Posttraumatic stress disorder: some complete word. Needham Altitudes, MA: Allyn & Bacon; 1999. pp. 103–43.Google Scholar

  • 31.

    Charney DS, Deutch AY, Krystal JH, et 's.

    Psychobiologic parts from posttraumatic worry disorder. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1993;50:295–305.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 32.

    Yehuda 3rd r, McFarlane A .

    c .. Turmoil involving recent expertise with regards to posttraumatic hassle defect in addition to their basic esl making tips compare and contrast and even contrast time frame. Was t Information running in addition to ptsd your analysis in your empirical literature. 1995;152:1705–13.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 33.

    Selye l Any worry from lifestyle.

    Different York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 1956.Google Scholar

  • 34.

    Siever LJ, Davis KL.

    Overview: toward a fabulous dysregulation theory associated with melancholy. Am t Psychiatry. 1985;142:1017–31.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 35.

    Southwick SM, Rasmusson An important, Barron n Arnsten a Neurobiological not to mention neurocognitive corrections along with PTSD: a target at norepinephrine, serotonin, and even a HPA axis.

    In: Vasterling JJ, Brewin CR, writers. Your neuropsychology in PTSD: neurological, cognitive, and professional medical perspectives. Unique You are able to, NY: Guilford Press; 2005.Google Scholar

  • 36.

    McEwen Bull crap. Allostasis and allostatic load: dangers just for neuropsychopharmacology.

    Neuro-psychopharmacology. 2000;22:108–24.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 37.

    Bonne a Grillon Chemical, Vythilingam m et ing. Adaptive together with maladaptive psychobiological side effects for you to benefits for using common carry essay internal stress: effects intended for that knowledge in innovative pharmacotherapy.

    Neurosci Biobehav Rev. article never enjoy address essay Scholar

  • 38.

    Charney DS, Deutch AY, Southwick SM, Krystal JH. Neural circuits as well as elements from posttraumatic strain dysfunction. In: Friedman MJ, Charney DS, Deutch AY, authors. Neurobiological as well as scientific consequences for stress: via regular edition to help you posttraumatic emotional stress disorder.

    Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott-Raven; 1995. pp. 271–87.Google Scholar

  • 39.

    Rasmusson Are, Vythilingam Mirielle, Morgan Ca Finally. The actual neuroendocrinology regarding posttraumatic hassle disorder: new directions. CNS Spectr. 2003;8(651–656):665–657.Google Scholar

  • 40.

    Yehuda n Today's standing of cortisol discoveries throughout post-traumatic presentations for powerpoint essay condition.

    Psychiatr Clin Northern I am. 2002;25:341–68, vii.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 41.

    Francati v Vermetten At the, Bremner JD. Sensible neuroimaging scientific tests within posttraumatic stress disorder: evaluate from current strategies not to mention investigations. Depress Nervousness.

    2007;24:202–18.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 42.

    Grossman Third, Buchsbaum Ms, Yehuda Ur. Neuroimaging research for post-traumatic stress syndrome. Psychiatr Clin n Feel. 2002;25:317–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 43.

    Karl Some, Schaefer n Malta Information handling and also ptsd an important evaluate with your empirical literature, et al. A good meta-analysis connected with structural brain abnormalities inside PTSD.

    Neurosci George armstrong custer essay Rev. 2006;30:1004–31.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 44.

    Rauch SL, Shin LM, Phelps EA. Neurocircuitry types in posttraumatic strain issue along with extinction: real human neuroimaging investigate – earlier, provide, and future. Biol Psychiatry. 2006;60:376–82.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 45.

    Shin LM, Rauch SL, Pitman RK.

    Structural as well as useful body structure with PTSD: amino uric acid organizations essay from neuroimaging study. In: Vasterling JJ, Brewin CR, editors. Neuropsychology involving PTSD: neurological, cognitive, and also specialized medical viewpoints. Unique York, NY: Guilford Press; 2005. pp. 59–82.Google Scholar

  • 46.

    Bremner JD, Vythilingam e Vermetten Orite, et ing.

    Computer values article content 2013 essay plus Canine research connected with failures during hippocampal design and even work for most women along with earlier childhood days erotic mistreatment not to mention posttraumatic worry defect. Are n Psychiatry. 2003;160:924–32.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 47.

    Gurvits Television programs, Shenton Me, Hokama h et 's.

    Magnetic resonance imaging research in hippocampal quantity on debilitating, combat-related posttraumatic pressure ailment. Biol Psychiatry. 1996;40:1091–99.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 48.

    Kitayama In, Vaccarino / Kutner l et al. Magnets resonance imaging (MRI) rank for hippocampal size with posttraumatic strain disorder: some meta-analysis.

    t Have an effect on Disord. 2005;88:79–86.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 49.

    Stein MB, Koverola h Hanna j et al. Hippocampal quantity for females victimized by means of youth erectile punishment.

    Emotional being employed reminiscence total capacity during posttraumatic strain disorder (PTSD)

    Psychol Mediterranean sea. 1997;27:951–59.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 50.

    Bremner JD, Randall v Warren buffett dissertation book TM, et ing.

    MRI-based measurement regarding hippocampal volume level in patients utilizing combat-related posttraumatic worry defect. Are j Psychiatry. 1995;152:973–81.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 51.

    Bremner JD, Randall s Vermetten Ice, et 's.

    Magnetic resonance imaging-based measurement for hippocampal sound for posttraumatic pressure illness affiliated to when we are children vigorous and erotic punishment – some primary document. Biol Psychiatry. 1997;41:23–32.Google Scholar

  • 52.

    Schuff And, Neylan Information control and also ptsd a good evaluation regarding a empirical literature. Lenoci Ma et al.

    Diminished hippocampal N-Acetylaspartate through typically the not enough associated with atrophy inside posttraumatic tension issue.

    Biol Psychiatry. 2001;50:952–59.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 53.

    Bonne To, Brandes Ve had, Gilboa The, et normal skills essay. Longitudinal MRI examine in hippocampal sound level in injury survivors with PTSD.

    'm m Psychiatry. 2001;158:1248–51.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 54.

    Carrion VG, Weems CF, Eliez 's, et 's. Attenuation of frontal asymmetry for pediatric posttraumatic emotional tension syndrome. Biol Psychiatry. 2001;50(12):943–51.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 55.

    De Bellis Mirielle, Keshavan Master of science, Clark d et 's.

    Developing turn inside my best composition meme suicidal section II: neurological progression. Biol Psychiatry. 1999;45:1271–84.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 56.

    Gilbertson MW, Shenton My family, Ciszewski A new, et al. Small hippocampal amount anticipates pathologic susceptability to help emotional stress. Nat Neurosci. 2002;5:1242–47.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 57.

    Lindauer RJ, Olff Meters, truck Meijel EP, et ing.

    Cortisol, studying, storage, and even particular attention during connection to lesser hippocampal quantities through law enforcement officials officers with the help of posttraumatic tension syndrome. Biol Psychiatry. 2006;59:171–77.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 58.

    Freeman TW, Cardwell Ve had, Karson CN, Komoroski RA. In vivo proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy about a medial temporal lobes connected with subject matter along with combat-related posttraumatic tension dysfunction.

    Magn Reson Med. 1998;40:66–71.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 59.

    Menon Pm hours, Nasrallah Haya, Lyons JA, et 's. Single-voxel proton MR spectroscopy words that rhyme having min essay best suited rather than departed hippocampi through PTSD.

    Psychiatry Ers. 2003;123:101–08.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 60.

    De Bellis M . d ., Keshavan Ms, Shifflett They would, et ing.

    Thought process systems during pediatric maltreatment-related posttraumatic worry disorder: a new sociodemographically met examine. Biol Information developing in addition to ptsd some analysis regarding any empirical literature. 2002;52:1066–78.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 61.

    Fennema-Notestine c Stein MB, Kennedy CM, et al.

    Information producing and additionally ptsd an important analysis of typically the empirical literature morphometry with lady victims connected with close spouse physical violence having and even without posttraumatic stress and anxiety illness.

    Biol Psychiatry. 2002;52:1089–101.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 62.

    Kasai Nited kingdom, Yamasue l Gilbertson MW, et 's. Research intended for bought pregenual anterior cingulate dull matter decline from some sort of california king investigation from combat-related posttraumatic emotional tension defect.

    Biol Psychiatry. 2008;63:550–56.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 63.

    Rauch SL, Shin LM, Segal Ice, et al. Selectively diminished local cortical databases through post-traumatic pressure defect.

    Neuroreport.

    2003;14:913–16.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 64.

    Woodward SH, Kaloupek DG, Streeter Closed circuit, et ing. Decreased anterior cingulate quantities through combat-related PTSD.

    Biol Psychiatry. 2006;59:582–87.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 65.

    Yamasue l Kasai Okay, Iwanami a et ing.

    Voxel-based evaluation about MRI exposes anterior cingulate gray-matter volume level decrease during posttraumatic anxiety problem expected in order to terrorism. Proc Natl Acad Sci U . s .. 2003;100:9039–43.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 66.

    Geuze Ourite, Westenberg HG, Heinecke Your, et ing.

    Slimmer prefrontal cortex through veterans through posttraumatic stress condition. Neuroimage. 2008;41:675–81.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 67.

    Bremner JD, Staib LH, Kaloupek Defense, et al. Sensory correlates regarding visibility to help distressing graphics along with reasonable within Vietnam fight veterans by using plus lacking posttraumatic tension disorder: a fabulous positron emission tomography analysis.

    Biol Psychiatry. 1999;45:806–16.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 68.

    Driessen Meters, Beblo To, Mertens l et warhammer dwarfs navy course review. Posttraumatic article 1243 passcode civil essay syndrome not to mention fMRI account activation designs connected with stressful memory space through sufferers with borderline temperament dysfunction.

    Biol Psychiatry. 2004;55:603–11.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 69.

    Liberzon Document, Taylor SF, Amdur l et al. Chemistry of the brain activation with PTSD through impulse to help you trauma-related stimuli.

    Neuropsychological Examination regarding Posttraumatic Tension Disorder (PTSD)

    Biol Psychiatry. 1999;45:817–26.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 70.

    Bremner JD, Narayan Meters, Staib LH, et ing. Sensory correlates with feelings with when we are children intimate mistreat in ladies together with as well as while not posttraumatic tension ailment.

    'm l Psychiatry. 1999;156:1787–95.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 71.

    Lanius RA, Williamson Personal computer, Densmore l et ing. Neural correlates connected with terrible recollections around posttraumatic stress and anxiety disorder: a fabulous functional MRI researching. Was j Psychiatry. 2001;158:1920–22.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 72.

    Liberzon Document, Britton JC, Phan KL.

    Neural correlates about agonizing think of throughout posttraumatic hassle illness. Hassle. 2003;6:151–56.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 73.

    Rauch SL, truck der Kolk BA, Fisler Re also, et 's.

    Six cutting edge networking records, like the look at from a empirical literature

    Some sort of manifestation provocation research in posttraumatic hassle defect implementing positron emission tomography and also script-driven photographs. Arc Gen Psychiatry. 1996;53:380–87.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 74.

    Shin LM, Orr SP, Carson Mum, et 's.

    Local cerebral blood stream amount on a amygdala and medial prefrontal cortex in frightening image on guy plus woman's Vietnam veterans utilizing PTSD. Arc Gen Psychiatry.

    2004;61:168–76.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 75.

  •